Filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)
Registration No. 333-217411
Common Stock
Preferred Stock
We may from time to time, in one or more offerings at prices and on terms that we will determine at the time of each offering, sell common stock, preferred stock, warrants, or a combination of these securities, or units, for an aggregate initial offering price of up to $20,000,000. This prospectus describes the general manner in which our securities may be offered using this prospectus. Each time we offer and sell securities, we will provide you with a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. Any prospectus supplement may also add, update, or change information contained in this prospectus. You should carefully read this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement as well as the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus before you purchase any of the securities offered hereby.
This prospectus may not be used to offer and sell securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.
Our common stock is currently traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “MDVX” and our Series A Warrants trade under the symbol “MDVXW”. On April 7, 2017, the last reported sales price for our common stock was $1.44 per share. We will apply to list any shares of common stock sold by us under this prospectus and any prospectus supplement on the NASDAQ Capital Market. The prospectus supplement will contain information, where applicable, as to any other listing of the securities on the NASDAQ Capital Market or any other securities market or exchange covered by the prospectus supplement.
The aggregate market value of our outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3 was approximately $24,052,468 based on 17,441,351 shares of common stock outstanding, of which 15,223,081 shares were held by non-affiliates, and a last reported sale price on the NASDAQ Capital Market of $1.58 per share on March 30, 2017. We have not sold any securities pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6. of Form S-3 during the prior 12 calendar month period that ends on and includes the date hereof.
The securities offered by this prospectus involve a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 2, in addition to Risk Factors contained in the applicable prospectus supplement.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
We may offer the securities directly or through agents or to or through underwriters or dealers. If any agents or underwriters are involved in the sale of the securities their names, and any applicable purchase price, fee, commission or discount arrangement between or among them, will be set forth, or will be calculable from the information set forth, in an accompanying prospectus supplement. We can sell the securities through agents, underwriters or dealers only with delivery of a prospectus supplement describing the method and terms of the offering of such securities. See “Plan of Distribution.”
This prospectus is dated May 9, 2017
Table of Contents
You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with information different from that contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus. If any person does provide you with information that differs from what is contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, you should not rely on it. No dealer, salesperson or other person is authorized to give any information or to represent anything not contained in this prospectus. You should assume that the information contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement is accurate only as of the date on the front of the document and that any information contained in any document we have incorporated by reference is accurate only as of the date of the document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any prospectus supplement or any sale of a security. These documents are not an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy these securities in any circumstances under which the offer or solicitation is unlawful.


This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may sell any combination of the securities described in this prospectus in one of more offerings up to a total dollar amount of proceeds of $20,000,000. This prospectus describes the general manner in which our securities may be offered by this prospectus. Each time we sell securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus or in documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. The prospectus supplement that contains specific information about the terms of the securities being offered may also include a discussion of certain U.S. Federal income tax consequences and any risk factors or other special considerations applicable to those securities. To the extent that any statement that we make in a prospectus supplement is inconsistent with statements made in this prospectus or in documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, you should rely on the information in the prospectus supplement. You should carefully read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement together with the additional information described under “Where You Can Find More Information” before buying any securities in this offering.
The terms “MedoveX,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us” in this prospectus refer to MedoveX Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless the context suggests otherwise.
This prospectus and the documents and information incorporated by reference in this prospectus include forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include statements concerning:
our ability to raise funds for general corporate purposes and operations, including our research activities and clinical trials;
our ability to recruit qualified management and technical personnel;
the success of our clinical trials;
our ability to obtain and maintain required regulatory approvals for our products; and
the other factors discussed in the “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this prospectus.
All statements in this prospectus and the documents and information incorporated by reference in this prospectus that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. We may, in some cases, use terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “should,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions or the negative of such items that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes to identify forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements are made based on management’s beliefs, estimates and opinions on the date the statements are made and we undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements if these beliefs, estimates and opinions or other circumstances should change, except as may be required by applicable law. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.
MedoveX was incorporated in Nevada on July 30, 2013 as Spinez Corp. MedoveX is the parent company of Debride Inc., (“Debride”), which was incorporated under the laws of Florida on October 1, 2012, but did not commence operations until February 1, 2013. Spinez Corp. changed its name to MedoveX Corp. and effected a 2-for-1 reverse split of its stock in March, 2014.
The goal of the Company is to obtain, develop and commercialize various intellectual property rights (patents, patent applications, knowhow, etc.) in the medical technology area, with particular focus on the development of medical devices. We intend to leverage the extensive experience of our board of directors and management team in the medical industry to seek out product candidates for licensing, acquisition or development. Specifically, MedoveX is in the business of designing and marketing proprietary medical devices for commercial use in the United States and Europe. The Company is currently seeking approval from the FDA and the European Union for a CE Mark for the DenerveX System.
The DenerveX Device
Our first acquisition was the DenerveX device.  We believe that the DenerveX device can be developed to encompass a number of medical applications, including pain relief.  
The Company acquired the DenerveX patent on January 31, 2013 from Scott Haufe, M.D. (“Dr. Haufe”), a director of the Company, in exchange for 750,108 shares of common stock in the Company and a 1% royalty on all sales of any product sold based on the patent.
In September 2013, we entered into a Co-Development Agreement with James Andrews, M.D. (“Dr. Andrews”), a director of the Company, whereby Dr. Andrews committed to further evaluate the DenerveX device and to seek to make modifications and improvements to such technology.  In exchange for such services, the Company agreed to pay Dr. Andrews a royalty equal to two (2%) percent of the DenerveX net sales during the five (5) year term of the Co-Development Agreement. Upon the termination of the term of the Co-Development Agreement, which has a minimum term of five (5) years, then the royalty payable to Dr. Andrews shall be reduced to one (1%) percent of DenerveX net sales after such termination of products covered by any U.S. patent on which Dr. Andrews is listed as a co-inventor; if any such patents are obtained.  Such one (1%) percent royalty shall continue during the effectiveness of such patent.  Pursuant to the Co-Development Agreement, Dr. Andrews agreed to assign any modifications or improvements to the DenerveX to the Company subject to the royalty rights described above.
Our intention is to market the product as a disposable, single-use kit which will include all components of the DenerveX device product. In addition to the DenerveX device itself, we are developing a dedicated Electro Surgical Generator, the DenerveX Pro-40, to power the DenerveX device. The generator would be provided to customers agreeing to purchase the DenerveX device, and could not be used for any other purpose. 
The Company has entered into some of the final stages of the development and verification of the DenerveX Device and the DenerveX Pro-40 power generator as a system. Final development, testing and verification to set standards is the main focus for these final stages. Additionally, the company has be tested the DenerveX System in an extensive living tissue model under very strict Good Laboratory Practice Standards to measure, verify, and establish its’ effectiveness for performance as a system. Other testing will include device sterilization, shelf life verification and shipping and performance testing to very specific standards.
The DenerveX System (the DenerveX Device and the DenerveX Pro-40 generator) were successfully tested as a system by SGS, a world leader in safety performance testing, and received certification of compliance in January 2017. SGS, a highly respected testing and verification firm, tested the DenerveX System using an extensive set of testing standards.
Regulatory Approval
The Company is currently seeking approval from the FDA for commercialization of the DenerveX System in the US, and we are also seeking approval from the European Union for a CE Mark for commercialization of the DenerveX System throughout the EU.
Once the Company obtains a CE Mark, which we anticipate will be in the first half of 2017, we will provide a copy of the CE certificate along with other necessary documentation to obtain regulatory approval for commercialization of the DenerveX System throughout certain countries including Columbia, Peru, Argentina, Mexico, Turkey, Israel, New Zealand and Australia. The documentation required to accompany the CE Mark to obtain regulatory approval in the aforementioned countries include copies of the ISO 3485 certification, the SGS certificate of approval and a statement of Good Manufacturing Practices (“GMP”).
The Company incurred net losses of approximately $16,227,000 and $6,523,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company will continue to incur losses until such time as it can bring a sufficient number of approved products to market and sell them with margins sufficient to offset expenses.  
Our principal executive offices are located at 1950 Airport Road, Suite A, Atlanta, Georgia 30341. We maintain an Internet website at The information contained on, connected to or that can be accessed via our website is not part of this prospectus. We have included our website address in this prospectus as an inactive textual reference only and not as an active hyperlink.

There are numerous and varied risks, known and unknown, that may prevent us from achieving our goals. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operation may be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline and investors could lose all or part of their investment.
Risks Related to Our Business
Discussion of our business and operations included in this prospectus should be read together with the risk factors set forth below. They describe various risks and uncertainties to which we are or may become subject. These risks and uncertainties, together with other factors described elsewhere in this report, have the potential to affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, strategies or prospects in a material and adverse manner.  New risks may emerge at any time, and we cannot predict those risks or estimate the extent to which they may affect our financial performance. Each of the risks described below could adversely impact the value of our securities.  These statements, like all statements in this report, speak only as of the date of this prospectus (unless another date is indicated), and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future developments.
We cannot assure you that we will be successful in commercializing any of the Company’s products or if any of our products are commercialized, that they will be profitable for the Company.
The Company generates limited revenue from operations upon which an evaluation of our prospects can be made.  The Company’s prospects must be considered keeping in mind the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered in the establishment of a new business in a constantly changing industry.  There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to achieve profitable operations in the foreseeable future, if at all.
The Company has identified a number of specific risk areas that may affect our operations and results in the future:
Risks Related to Our Financial Position and Capital Requirements
We are a development stage company and face uncertainties associated with being an early stage venture.
Our operating subsidiary, Debride, was incorporated in October 2012.  MedoveX was incorporated on July 30, 2013. Other material non-cash assets include the intellectual property relating to the DenerveX obtained from Scott M. W. Haufe, M.D. in connection with our acquisition of Debride.
We face all of the potential expenses, delays, uncertainties and complications typically encountered by development stage businesses, many of which may be beyond our control.  
These include, but are not limited to, lack of sufficient capital, unanticipated problems, delays or expenses relating to product development and licensing and marketing activities, competition, technological changes and uncertain market acceptance.  In addition, if we are unable to manage growth effectively, our operating results could be materially and adversely affected.
We are in the early stage of product development and there can be no assurance that we will effectively and successfully develop products for commercialization.
The Denervex device we are developing has had only limited research and testing in the fields of use we are presently intending to explore and to commercialize.  We will have to continue to go through extensive research and testing to develop the initial product and any additional products and to determine or demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of their proposed use.  Our products and our proposed testing of those products will require various regulatory approvals and clearances.  Accordingly, the products we intend to pursue are not presently marketable in the fields of use for which we hope to develop them, and it is possible that some or all of them may never become legally and commercially marketable.  The development and testing of medical devices and related treatments and therapies is difficult, time-consuming and expensive, and the successful development of any products based on innovative technologies is subject to inherent uncertainties and risks of failure.  These risks include the possibilities that any or all of the proposed products or procedures may be found to be ineffective, or may otherwise fail to receive necessary regulatory clearances; that the proposed products or procedures may be uneconomical to produce and market or may never achieve broad market acceptance; that third parties may hold proprietary rights that preclude the Company from marketing its intended products or procedures; or that third parties may develop and market superior or equivalent products and procedures.  We are unable to predict whether our research and development or acquisition activities will result in any commercially viable products or procedures.  Furthermore, due to the extended testing and regulatory review process required before marketing clearances can be obtained, the time frames for commercialization of any products or procedures are long and uncertain.
We expect to continue to incur losses for the immediate future.
We have incurred losses since our inception.  We expect to continue to incur losses for the foreseeable future. The principal causes of our losses are likely to be personnel costs, working capital costs, research and development costs, intellectual property protection costs, brand development costs, marketing and promotion costs, and the lack of any significant revenue stream for the foreseeable future.  We may never achieve profitability.
Our independent registered public accounting firm has included an explanatory paragraph with respect to our ability to continue as a going concern in its report on our consolidated financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2016.
Our independent registered public accounting firm has included an explanatory paragraph with respect to our ability to continue as a going concern in its report on our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016. The presence of the going concern explanatory paragraph may have an adverse impact on our relationship with third parties with whom we do business, including our customers, vendors and employees and could make it challenging and difficult for us to raise additional debt or equity financing to the extent needed, all of which could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.   
Raising additional capital and carrying out further acquisitions may cause dilution to our existing stockholders, restrict our operations or require us to relinquish rights to our technologies or products.
We will likely seek additional capital through a combination of private and public equity offerings, debt financings, strategic partnerships and alliances and licensing arrangements. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership interests of existing stockholders will be diluted, and the terms may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect stockholder rights. Debt financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take certain actions, such as incurring debt, making capital expenditures or declaring dividends.
If we raise or expend additional funds through strategic partnerships, acquisitions, alliances and/or licensing arrangements with third parties, we may be required to relinquish valuable rights to our technologies or products, or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us. If we are unable to raise additional funds through equity or debt financing when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our product development or commercialization efforts or grant rights to develop and market products that we would otherwise prefer to develop and market ourselves.
Our operating results may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control, which could cause fluctuations in the price of our securities.
We are subject to the following factors that may negatively affect our operating results:
the announcement or introduction of new products by our competitors;
our ability to upgrade and develop our systems and infrastructure to accommodate growth;
our ability to attract and retain key personnel in a timely and cost effective manner;
technical difficulties;
the amount and timing of operating costs and capital expenditures relating to the expansion of our business, operations and infrastructure;
our ability to identify and enter into relationships with appropriate and qualified third-party providers such as Devicix, LLC for necessary testing, clinical trials and manufacturing services;
regulation by federal, state or local governments; and
general economic conditions, as well as economic conditions specific to the medical device and healthcare industries.
As a result of our lack of any operating history and the nature of the markets in which we compete, it is difficult for us to forecast our revenues or earnings accurately.  As a strategic response to changes in the competitive environment, we may from time to time make certain decisions concerning expenditures, pricing, service or marketing that could have a material and adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.  Due to the foregoing factors, our quarterly revenues and operating results are difficult to forecast.
We may be unable to manage growth effectively.
As we seek to advance our product candidates, we will need to expand our development, regulatory, manufacturing, marketing and sales capabilities or contract with third parties to provide these capabilities for us.  We anticipate that a period of significant expansion will be required to address potential growth and to handle licensing and research activities.  This expansion will place a significant strain on our management, operational and financial resources.  To manage the expected growth of our operations and personnel, we must establish appropriate and scalable operational and financial systems, procedures and controls and must establish a qualified finance, administrative and operations staff. As a public company, we will have to implement internal controls to comply with government mandated regulations.  Our management may be unable to hire, train, retain, motivate and manage the necessary personnel or to identify, manage and exploit potential strategic relationships and market opportunities.  Our failure to manage growth effectively could have a material and adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Risks Related to Development, Clinical Testing and Regulatory Approval of Our Products
Government regulation of our business is extensive and regulatory approvals are uncertain, expensive and time-consuming.
Our research, development, testing and clinical trials, manufacturing and marketing of most of our intended products are subject to an extensive regulatory approval process by the FDA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S. and abroad.  The process of obtaining FDA and other required regulatory approvals for medical device products, including the potential for being required to engage in pre-clinical and clinical testing, is lengthy, expensive and uncertain.  There can be no assurance that, even after such time and expenditures, the Company will be able to obtain necessary regulatory approvals for clinical testing or for the manufacturing or marketing of any products.  In addition, during the regulatory process, other companies may develop other technologies with the same intended use as our products.  Even if regulatory clearance is obtained, a marketed product is subject to continual review, and later discovery of previously unknown safety issues or failure to comply with the applicable regulatory requirements may result in restrictions on a product’s marketing or withdrawal of the product from the market, as well as possible civil or criminal sanctions.
The results of our clinical trials may not support our product claims or may result in the discovery of adverse side effects.
Even if the clinical trials that we may need to undertake are completed as planned, we cannot be certain that their results will support our product claims or that the FDA or foreign regulatory authorities will agree with our conclusions regarding the results of the trials.  
The clinical trial process may fail to demonstrate that a product is safe and effective for the proposed indicated use, which could cause us to abandon a product and could delay development of other products.  Any delay or termination of our clinical trials will delay the filing of our product submissions and, ultimately, our ability to commercialize a product and generate revenue. 
 It is also possible that patients enrolled in clinical trials will experience adverse side effects that are not currently part of the product’s profile and not predicted or foreseen on the basis of prior experience.  Even if clinical trials are otherwise successful, we may be unable to develop a commercially viable product, treatment or therapy based on those trials.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry
If our products and procedures do not gain market acceptance among physicians, patients and the medical community, we may be unable to generate significant revenues, if any.
Even if we obtain regulatory approval for our products, they may not gain market acceptance among physicians, healthcare payers, patients and the medical community. In particular, the U.S. government agency Center for Medicare/Medicaid Service or other private reimbursement agencies may decline to reimburse physicians and health care facilities whose patients are on Medicare or Medicaid or private insurance for use of our product, significantly reducing our potential market. Market acceptance will depend on our ability to demonstrate the benefits of our approved products in terms of safety, efficacy, convenience, ease of administration and cost effectiveness.  In addition, we believe market acceptance depends on the effectiveness of our marketing strategy, the pricing of our approved products and the reimbursement policies of government and third party payers with respect to our products.  Physicians may not utilize our approved products for a variety of reasons and patients may determine for any reason that our product is not useful to them.  If any of our approved products fail to achieve market acceptance, our ability to generate revenues will be limited.
The industry in which we plan to operate is highly competitive and there can be no assurances that we will be able to compete effectively.
We are engaged in a rapidly evolving industry.  Competition from other medical device companies and from other research and academic institutions is intense and expected to increase.  Many of these companies have substantially greater financial and other resources and development capabilities than we do, have substantially greater experience in undertaking pre-clinical and clinical testing of products, and are commonly regarded in the medical device industries as very aggressive competitors.  In addition to competing with universities and other research institutions in the development of products, technologies and processes, we compete with other companies in acquiring rights to products or technologies from universities.  There can be no assurance that we can develop products that are more effective or achieve greater market acceptance than competitive products, or that our competitors will not succeed in developing products and technologies that are more effective than those being developed by us and that would therefore render our products and technologies less competitive or even obsolete.
Third parties may claim that we infringe on their proprietary rights and may prevent us from commercializing and selling our products.
There has been substantial litigation in the medical device industry with respect to the manufacture, use and sale of new products.  These lawsuits often involve claims relating to the validity of patents supporting the new products and/or the validity and alleged infringement of patents or proprietary rights of third parties.  We may be required to defend against challenges to the validity of our patents and against claims relating to the alleged infringement of patent or proprietary rights of third parties.
Litigation initiated by a third party claiming patent invalidity or patent infringement could:
require us to incur substantial litigation expense, even if we are successful in the litigation;
require us to divert significant time and effort of our management;
result in the loss of our rights to develop, make or market our products; and
require us to pay substantial monetary damages or royalties in order to license proprietary rights from third parties or to satisfy judgments or to settle actual or threatened litigation.
Although patent and intellectual property disputes within the medical device industry have often been settled through licensing or similar arrangements, costs associated with these arrangements may be substantial and could include the long-term payment of royalties.  
Furthermore, the required licenses may not be made available to us on acceptable terms.  Accordingly, an adverse determination in a judicial or administrative proceeding or a failure to obtain necessary licenses could prevent us from manufacturing and selling our products or increase our costs to market our products.
Healthcare policy changes, including the recently enacted legislation to reform the United States healthcare system, may have a material adverse effect on us.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act (collectively, the “PPACA”), enacted in 2010, implemented changes that are expected to significantly impact the medical device industry. Beginning on January 1, 2013, the Affordable Care Act imposed a 2.3% excise tax on sales of products defined as “medical devices” by the regulations of the FDA. We believe that all of our medical products are “medical devices” within the meaning of the FDA regulations. While this tax has been suspended by legislation for 2016 and 2017, it’s return thereafter (or earlier) and potential increases from the 2.3% level in future years would negatively impact our operating results.
Other significant measures contained in the PPACA include research on the comparative clinical effectiveness of different technologies and procedures, initiatives to revise Medicare payment methodologies, such as bundling of payments across the continuum of care by providers and physicians, and initiatives to promote quality indicators in payment methodologies. The PPACA also includes significant new fraud and abuse measures, including required disclosures of financial payments to and arrangements with physician customers, lower thresholds for violations and increasing potential penalties for such violations. In addition, the PPACA established an Independent Payment Advisory Board (“IPAB”), to reduce the per capita rate of growth in Medicare spending. The IPAB has broad discretion to propose policies to reduce health care expenditures, which may have a negative impact on payment rates for services, including treatments and procedures which incorporate use of our products. The IPAB proposals may impact payments for treatments and procedures that use our technology beginning in 2016 and for hospital services beginning in 2020, and may indirectly reduce demand for our products.
In addition, it is possible that changes in administration policy, including the potential repeal of all or parts of the PPACA, resulting from the recent U.S. presidential and congressional elections could result in additional proposals and continued developments with respect to healthcare reform. We cannot predict the ultimate content, timing or effect of any healthcare reform legislation or the impact of potential legislation on us.
We depend on key personnel.
We depend greatly on Dr. Scott M. W. Haufe, a member of the board of directors and the co-founder of Debride, Jarrett Gorlin, our Chief Executive Officer, and a member of the board of directors and Patrick Kullmann, our President and Chief Operating Officer, among others.  Our success will depend, in part, upon our ability to attract and retain additional skilled personnel, which will require substantial additional funds.  There can be no assurance that we will be able to find, attract and retain additional qualified employees, directors, and advisors having the skills necessary to operate, develop and grow our business.  Our inability to hire qualified personnel, the loss of services of Dr. Haufe, Mr. Gorlin or Mr. Kullmann, or the loss of services of other executive officers, key employees, or advisors that may be hired in the future, may have a material and adverse effect on our business.  We currently do not maintain “key man” insurance policies on the lives of these individuals or the lives of any of our other employees.
In the future, we could experience difficulties attracting and retaining qualified employees. Competition for qualified personnel in the medical products field is intense. We may need to hire additional personnel as we expand our clinical development and commercial activities. We may not be able to attract and retain quality personnel on acceptable terms or at all.
In addition, we may enter into arrangements with consultants and advisors, including scientific and clinical advisors, to assist us in formulating our research and development and commercialization strategy.
Our consultants and advisors may be employed by employers other than us and may have commitments under consulting or advisory contracts with other entities that may limit their availability to us.
If we are unable to hire qualified personnel, our business and financial condition may suffer.
Our success and achievement of our growth plans depend on our ability to recruit, hire, train and retain other highly qualified technical and managerial personnel. In this regard, we have limited resources and as such we may not able to provide an employee with the same amount of compensation that he or she would likely receive at a larger company and as a result we may face difficulty in finding qualified employees.  The inability to attract, retain and motivate any additional highly skilled employees required for the expansion of our activities, could have a materially adverse effect on our ability to conduct our business and as such can impair our operations.
If we obtain approval to commercialize our products outside of the United States, a variety of risks associated with international operations could materially adversely affect our business.
If our products are approved for commercialization outside the United States, we will likely seek to enter into agreements with third parties to market our products outside the United States. We expect that we will be subject to additional risks related to entering into or maintaining international business relationships, including:
different regulatory requirements for medical devices or treatments in foreign countries;
lack of adequate reimbursement for the use of our product;
differing United States and foreign import and export rules;
reduced protection for intellectual property rights in foreign countries;
unexpected changes in tariffs, trade barriers and regulatory requirements;
economic weakness, including inflation, or political instability in particular foreign economies and markets;
compliance with tax, employment, immigration and labor laws for employees living or traveling abroad;
foreign taxes, including withholding of payroll taxes;
foreign currency fluctuations, which could result in increased operating expenses and reduced revenues and other obligations incident to doing business in another country;
workforce uncertainty in countries where labor unrest is more common than in the United States;
production shortages resulting from any events affecting raw material supply or manufacturing capabilities abroad;
potential liability resulting from development work conducted by these distributors; and
business interruptions resulting from geographical actions, including war and terrorism, or natural disasters.
Any government investigation of alleged violations of law could require us to expend significant time and resources in response, and could generate negative publicity. Any failure to comply with ongoing regulatory requirements may significantly and adversely affect our ability to commercialize and generate revenues from our products.  
If regulatory sanctions are applied or if regulatory approval is withdrawn, the value of our company and our operating results will be adversely affected.
We face substantial competition, which may result in others discovering, developing or commercializing products before, or more successfully, than we do.
Our future success depends on our ability to demonstrate and maintain a competitive advantage with respect to the design, development and commercialization of new and novel products.
Our competitors may succeed in developing competing products before we do for the same indications that we are pursuing, obtaining regulatory approval for products or gaining acceptance for the same markets that we are targeting. If we are not "first to market" with one of our products, our competitive position could be compromised because it may be more difficult for us to obtain marketing approval for that product and successfully market that product as a second competitor.
Many of our competitors have substantially greater commercial infrastructures and financial, technical and personnel resources than we have. We will not be able to compete successfully unless we successfully:
design and develop products that are superior to other products in the market;
attract qualified scientific, medical, sales and marketing and commercial personnel; 
obtain patent and/or other proprietary protection for our processes and products;
obtain required regulatory approvals; and
collaborate with others in the design, development and commercialization of new products.
Established competitors may invest heavily to quickly discover and develop novel treatments that could make our products obsolete. In addition, any new product that competes with an approved product must demonstrate compelling advantages in efficacy, convenience, tolerability and safety in order to overcome price competition and to be commercially successful. If we are not able to compete effectively against our current and future competitors, our business will not grow and our financial condition and operations will suffer. 
If our future employees or third parties with whom we contract commit fraud or other misconduct, including noncompliance with regulatory standards and requirements, our business may experience serious adverse consequences.
We are exposed to the risk of employee or third party fraud or other misconduct. Misconduct by employees could include intentional failures to comply with FDA regulations, to provide accurate information to the FDA, to comply with manufacturing standards we have established, to comply with federal and state health-care fraud and abuse laws and regulations, to report financial information or data accurately or to disclose unauthorized activities to us. In particular, sales, marketing and business arrangements in the healthcare industry are subject to extensive laws and regulations intended to prevent fraud, kickbacks, self-dealing and other abusive practices. These laws and regulations may restrict or prohibit a wide range of pricing, discounting, marketing and promotion, sales commission, customer incentive programs and other business arrangements. Employee misconduct could also involve the improper use of information obtained in the course of clinical trials, which could result in regulatory sanctions and serious harm to our reputation. We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics but it is not always possible to identify and deter employee misconduct, and the precautions we take to detect and prevent this activity may not be effective in controlling unknown or unmanaged risks or losses or in protecting us from governmental investigations or other actions or lawsuits stemming from a failure to be in compliance with such laws or regulations. If any such actions are instituted against us, and we are not successful in defending ourselves or asserting our rights, those actions could have a significant impact on our business, including the imposition of significant fines or other sanctions.
If product liability lawsuits are brought against us, we may incur substantial liabilities and may be required to limit commercialization of any products.
We face an inherent risk of product liability as a result of any clinical testing of our products and will face an even greater risk if we commercialize any products. We may be sued if any product we develop allegedly causes injury or is found to be otherwise unsuitable during product testing, manufacturing, marketing or sale.
Any such product liability claims may include allegations of defects in manufacturing, defects in design, a failure to warn of dangers inherent in the product, negligence, strict liability, and a breach of warranties. Claims could also be asserted under state consumer protection acts. If we cannot successfully defend ourselves against product liability claims, we may incur substantial liabilities or be required to limit commercialization of our products. Even successful defense would require significant financial and management resources. Regardless of the merits or eventual outcome, liability claims may result in:
decreased demand for our products or products that we may develop;
injury to our reputation;
withdrawal of clinical trial participants;
costs to defend the related litigation;
a diversion of management's time and our resources;
substantial monetary awards to trial participants or patients;
product recalls, withdrawals or labeling, marketing or promotional restrictions;
loss of revenue;
the inability to commercialize our products; and
a decline in our stock price.
Our inability to obtain and retain sufficient product liability insurance at an acceptable cost to protect against potential product liability claims could prevent or inhibit the commercialization of products we develop. We currently do not maintain product liability insurance because it is generally expensive, and in light of our developmental stage we do not believe it is cost effective to obtain at this time. Since we commenced sales, we secured product liability insurance; however, we may not be able to obtain or maintain product liability insurance in the future on acceptable terms or with adequate coverage against potential liabilities, if at all.  If we are the subject of a successful product liability claim that exceeds the limits of any insurance coverage we obtain, we would incur substantial charges that would adversely affect our earnings and require the commitment of capital resources that might otherwise be available for the development and commercial launch of our products.
We may not be able to secure adequate clinical trial liability insurance for all of our products and a successful clinical trial liability claim against us could have an adverse effect on our financial condition even with such insurance coverage.
Our business will expose us to potential liability that results from risks associated with conducting clinical trials of our products. There is no guarantee that we will be able to procure clinical trial liability insurance at favorable rates, if at all, and even if procured that we will procure adequate coverage to satisfy any liability we may incur. A successful clinical trial liability claim, if any, brought against us could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations even though clinical trial insurance is successfully maintained or obtained. The current and planned insurance coverages may only mitigate a small portion of a substantial claim against us.
Our relationships with customers and third-party payors in the United States and elsewhere will be subject to applicable anti-kickback, fraud and abuse and other healthcare laws and regulations, which could expose us to criminal sanctions, civil penalties, contractual damages, reputational harm and diminished profits and future earnings.
Healthcare providers, physicians and third-party payors in the United States and elsewhere play a primary role in the recommendation and prescription of any products for which we obtain marketing approval. Our future arrangements with third-party payors and customers may expose us to broadly applicable fraud and abuse and other healthcare laws and regulations that may constrain the business or financial arrangements and relationships through which we market, sell and distribute our products for which we obtain marketing approval. Restrictions under applicable federal, state and foreign healthcare laws and regulations include the following:
the federal healthcare anti-kickback statute prohibits, among other things, persons from knowingly and willfully soliciting, offering, receiving or providing remuneration, directly or indirectly, in cash or in kind, to induce or reward either the referral of an individual for, or the purchase, order or recommendation of, any good or service for which payment may be made under federal and state healthcare programs such as Medicare and Medicaid;
the federal False Claims Act imposes criminal and civil penalties, including civil whistleblower or qui tam actions, against individuals or entities for knowingly presenting, or causing to be presented, to the federal government, claims for payment that are false or fraudulent or making a false statement to avoid, decrease or conceal an obligation to pay money to the federal government;
the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, or HIPPA, as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, or HITECH, imposes criminal and civil liability for executing a scheme to defraud any healthcare benefit program. HIPAA and HITECH also regulate the use and disclosure of identifiable health information by health care providers, health plans and health care clearinghouses, and also impose obligations, including mandatory contractual terms, with respect to safeguarding the privacy, security and transmission of identifiable health information as well as requiring notification of regulatory breaches. HIPAA and HITECH violations may prompt civil and criminal enforcement actions as well as enforcement by state attorneys general;
the federal false statements statute prohibits knowingly and willfully falsifying, concealing or covering up a material fact or making any materially false statement in connection with the delivery of or payment for healthcare benefits, items or services;
the federal transparency requirements under the Health Care Reform Law requires manufacturers of drugs, devices, biologics and medical supplies to report to the Department of Health and Human Services information related to physician payments and other transfers of value and physician ownership and investment interests;
analogous state laws and regulations, such as state anti-kickback and false claims laws, may apply to sales or marketing arrangements and claims involving healthcare items or services reimbursed by non-governmental third-party payors, including private insurers; and
analogous anti-kickback, fraud and abuse and healthcare laws and regulations in foreign countries.
Efforts to ensure that our business arrangements with third parties will comply with applicable healthcare laws and regulations will involve substantial costs. It is possible that governmental authorities will conclude that our business practices may not comply with current or future statutes, regulations or case law involving applicable fraud and abuse or other healthcare laws and regulations. If our operations are found to be in violation of any of these laws or any other governmental regulations that may apply to us, we may be subject to significant civil, criminal and administrative penalties, damages, fines, exclusion from government funded healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, and the curtailment or restructuring of our operations. If any of the physicians or other providers or entities with whom we expect to do business are found to be not in compliance with applicable laws, they may be subject to criminal, civil or administrative sanctions, including exclusions from government funded healthcare programs.  
Risks Related to Commercialization of Our Products
If, in the future, we are unable to establish our own sales, marketing and distribution capabilities or enter into licensing or collaboration agreements for these purposes, we may not be successful in commercializing our products.
We currently have a relatively small number of employees and do not have a sales or marketing infrastructure, and we, do not have any significant sales, marketing or distribution experience. We intend to be opportunistic in seeking to either build our own commercial infrastructure to commercialize our products if and when they are approved, or enter into licensing or collaboration agreements to assist in the future development and commercialization of such products.
If we choose to develop internal sales, distribution and marketing capabilities, we will likely have to invest significant amounts of financial and management resources, some of which will be committed prior to any confirmation that any product will be approved. For products for which we decide to perform sales, marketing and distribution functions ourselves, we could face a number of additional risks, including:
our inability to recruit and retain adequate numbers of effective sales and marketing personnel;
the inability of sales personnel to obtain access to physicians or persuade adequate numbers of physicians to utilize our procedures;
the lack of complementary products to be offered by sales personnel, which may put us at a competitive disadvantage relative to companies with more extensive product lines; and
unforeseen costs and expenses associated with creating an independent sales and marketing organization.
Where and when appropriate, we may elect to utilize contract sales forces or strategic partners to assist in the commercialization of our products. If we enter into arrangements with third parties to perform sales, marketing and distribution services for our products, the resulting revenues or the profitability from these revenues to us are likely to be lower than if we had sold, marketed and distributed our products ourselves. In addition, we may not be successful in entering into arrangements with third parties to sell, market and distribute our products or may be unable to do so on terms that are favorable to us. We likely will have limited control over such third parties, and any of these third parties may fail to devote the necessary resources and attention to sell, market and distribute our products effectively.
If we do not establish sales, marketing and distribution capabilities successfully, either on our own or in collaboration with third parties, we will not be successful in commercializing our products.
Risks Related to Acquisitions
We may be unable to identify, acquire, close or integrate acquisition targets successfully.
A substantial part of our business strategy includes acquiring and integrating complementary businesses, products, technologies or other assets, and forming strategic alliances, joint ventures and other business combinations, to help drive future growth. We may also in-license new products. Acquisitions or similar arrangements may be complex, time consuming and expensive. In some cases, we move very rapidly to negotiate and consummate the transaction, once we identify the acquisition target. We may not consummate some negotiations for acquisitions or other arrangements, which could result in significant diversion of management and other employee time, as well as substantial out-of-pocket costs. In addition, there are a number of risks and uncertainties relating to our closing transactions. If such transactions are not completed for any reason, we will be subject to several risks, including the following: (i) the market price of our common shares may reflect a market assumption that such transactions will occur, and a failure to complete such transactions could result in a negative perception by the market of us generally and a decline in the market price of our common shares; and (ii) many costs relating to the such transactions may be payable by us whether or not such transactions are completed.
If an acquisition is consummated (such as our acquisition and subsequent divestiture of Streamline, Inc.), the integration of the acquired business, product or other assets into our Company may also be complex and time-consuming and, if such businesses, products and assets are not successfully integrated, we may not achieve the anticipated benefits, cost-savings or growth opportunities. Potential difficulties that may be encountered in the integration process include the following:
integrating personnel, operations and systems, while maintaining focus on selling and promoting existing and newly-acquired products;
coordinating geographically dispersed organizations;
distracting management and employees from operations;
retaining existing customers and attracting new customers;
maintaining the business relationships the acquired company has established, including with healthcare providers; and
managing inefficiencies associated with integrating the operations of the Company.
We have incurred, and may incur in the future, restructuring and integration costs and a number of non-recurring transaction costs associated with these acquisitions, combining the operations of the Company and the acquired company and achieving desired synergies. These fees and costs may be substantial. Non-recurring transaction costs include, but are not limited to, fees paid to legal, financial and accounting advisors, filing fees and printing costs. Additional unanticipated costs may be incurred in the integration of the businesses of the Company and the acquired company. There can be no assurance that the elimination of certain duplicative costs, as well as the realization of other efficiencies related to the integration of the acquired business, will offset the incremental transaction-related costs over time. Therefore, any net benefit may not be achieved in the near term, the long term or at all.
These acquisitions and other arrangements, even if successfully integrated, may fail to further our business strategy as anticipated or to achieve anticipated benefits and success, expose us to increased competition or challenges with respect to our products or geographic markets, and expose us to additional liabilities associated with an acquired business, product, technology or other asset or arrangement. Any one of these challenges or risks could impair our ability to realize any benefit from our acquisition or arrangement after we have expended resources on them.
Our strategic acquisitions, investments or alliances may not be successful.
As part of our strategy to increase revenue growth, we seek to supplement our internal growth through strategic acquisitions, investments and alliances. Such transactions are inherently risky. The success of any acquisition, investment or alliance may be affected by a number of factors, including our ability to properly assess and value the potential business opportunity or to successfully integrate any business we may acquire into our existing business. There can be no assurance that any past or future transaction will be successful.
Our future growth is dependent upon the development or acquisition of new products, and there can be no assurance that such products will be developed.
A significant element of our strategy is to increase revenue growth by focusing on products that deliver greater benefits to physicians, healthcare payers, patients and the medical community. The development or acquisition of these products may require significant research and development, clinical trials and regulatory approvals. The results of our product development efforts may be affected by a number of factors, including our ability to innovate, develop and manufacture new products, complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory approvals and reimbursement in the United States and abroad, or gain and maintain market approval of our products. In addition, patents attained by others can preclude or delay our commercialization of a product. There can be no assurance that any products now in development or that we may seek to develop in the future will achieve technological feasibility, obtain regulatory approval or gain market acceptance.
Risks Related to Our Dependence on Third Parties
We are dependent on contract research organizations and other contractors to assist in our clinical testing and for certain research and development activities, thus, the timing and adequacy of our clinical trials and such research activities are, to a certain extent, beyond our control.
The nature of clinical trials and our business strategy will likely require us to rely on contract research organizations, independent clinical investigators and other third party service providers to assist us with clinical testing and certain research and development activities. Our success is dependent upon the success of these outside parties in performing their responsibilities. Although we believe our contractors are economically motivated to perform on their contractual obligations, we cannot directly control the adequacy and timeliness of the resources and expertise applied to these activities by our contractors. If our contractors do not perform their activities in an adequate or timely manner, the development and commercialization of our products could be delayed.
If the third parties on which we may need to rely to conduct any clinical trials and to assist us with pre-clinical development or other key steps do not perform as contractually required or expected, we may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval for or commercialize our product.
We do not have (and do not expect to develop) the independent ability to independently conduct pre-clinical and clinical trials for our products and to the extent we will need to conduct such trials, we will likely need to rely on third-parties, such as contract research organizations, medical institutions, clinical investigators and contract laboratories to conduct such trials.  We also do not have (and do not expect to develop) the independent ability to manufacture our proposed products, and will therefore need to rely on third parties such as contract manufacturing organizations.  If these various third parties do not successfully carry out their contractual duties or regulatory obligations or meet expected deadlines, or if the quality or accuracy of the data they obtain or the quality of the products they produce for us is compromised due to the failure to adhere to our clinical or manufacturing protocols or regulatory requirements or for any other reasons, we may have difficulty replacing them with other qualified third-party providers of the necessary services or products and in the meantime, our pre-clinical development activities or clinical trials may be extended, delayed, suspended or terminated, and we may not be able to obtain regulatory clearance or approval for, or successfully commercialize, a product on a timely basis, if at all.  As such, our business, operating results and prospects may be adversely affected and may even fail entirely.  Furthermore, our third-party clinical trial investigators may be delayed in conducting our clinical trials for reasons outside of their (or our) control.
We rely on third parties to manufacture our products and as a result we may not be able to control our product development.
We do not currently own or operate any manufacturing facilities, and we lack sufficient internal staff to produce clinical and preclinical product supplies ourselves. As a result, we are working with a third-party contract manufacturer to produce sufficient quantities of our products for future clinical trials, preclinical testing and commercialization.
Reliance on third-party manufacturers entails risks to which we would not be subject if we manufactured products ourselves, including reliance on the third party for regulatory compliance and quality assurance, the possibility of breach of the manufacturing agreement by the third party because of factors beyond our control (including a failure to manufacture our products in accordance with our product specifications) and the possibility of termination or nonrenewal of the agreement by the third party, based on its own business priorities, at a time that is costly or damaging to us. We will be dependent on the ability of these third-party manufacturers to produce adequate supplies of medical products to support our clinical development programs and future commercialization of our products. In addition, the FDA and other regulatory authorities require that our products be manufactured according to current good manufacturing practices and similar foreign standards. Any failure by our third-party manufacturer to comply with cGMP or failure to scale up manufacturing processes, including any failure to deliver sufficient quantities of products in a timely manner, could lead to a delay in, or failure to obtain, regulatory approval of any of our products. In addition, such failure could be the basis for action by the FDA to withdraw approvals for products previously granted to us and for other regulatory action, including recall or seizure, fines, imposition of operating restrictions, total or partial suspension of production or injunctions.
We have limited staffing and rely on our third party manufacturer to purchase from third-party suppliers the materials necessary to produce our products. There are a limited number of suppliers for certain capital equipment and materials that we use to manufacture our products. Such suppliers may not sell these materials to our manufacturer at the times we need them or on commercially reasonable terms. We do not have any control over the process or timing of the acquisition of these materials by our third party manufacturer. If our manufacturer or we are unable to purchase these materials after regulatory approval has been obtained for our products, the commercial launch of our products would be delayed or there would be a shortage in supply, which would impair our ability to generate revenues from the sale of our products.
In addition, our manufacturer may not be able to manufacture our products at a cost or in quantities or in a timely manner necessary to develop and commercialize them. If we successfully commercialize the DenerveX or any of our products, we may be required to establish or access large-scale commercial manufacturing capabilities. In addition, as our development pipeline increases and matures, we may have a greater need for clinical trial and commercial manufacturing capacity. To meet our projected needs for commercial manufacturing the third party with whom we currently work will need to increase its scale of production or we will need to secure an alternate supplier.
We may not be successful in establishing and maintaining strategic partnerships, which could adversely affect our ability to develop and commercialize products.
We may seek to enter into strategic partnerships in the future, including alliances with other healthcare companies, to enhance and accelerate the development and commercialization of our products. We face significant competition in seeking appropriate strategic partners and the negotiation process is time-consuming and complex. Moreover, we may not be successful in our efforts to establish a strategic partnership or other alternative arrangements for any future products and programs because our research and development pipeline may be insufficient, our products and programs may be deemed to be at too early of a stage of development for collaborative effort and/or third parties may not view our products and programs as having the requisite potential to demonstrate safety and efficacy. Even if we are successful in our efforts to establish strategic partnerships, the terms that we agree upon may not be favorable to us and we may not be able to maintain such strategic partnerships if, for example, development or approval of a product is delayed or sales of an approved product are disappointing.
If we ultimately determine that entering into strategic partnerships is in our best interest but either fail to enter into, are delayed in entering into or fail to maintain such strategic partnerships:
the development of certain of our current or future products may be terminated or delayed;
our cash expenditures related to development of certain of our current or future products would increase significantly and we may need to seek additional financing;
we may be required to hire additional employees or otherwise develop expertise, such as sales and marketing expertise, for which we have not budgeted;
we will bear all of the risk related to the development of any such products; and
the competitiveness of any product that is commercialized could be reduced.
Risks Related to Our Intellectual Property Rights
We could be unsuccessful in obtaining adequate patent protection for one or more of our products.
We cannot be certain that our patents will not later be found to be invalid and/or unenforceable or that any new patents that we seek to obtain will be issued or granted. The patent position of medical products companies is generally uncertain because it involves complex legal and factual considerations. The standards applied by the United States Patent and Trademark Office and foreign patent offices in granting patents are not always applied uniformly or predictably. For example, there is no uniform worldwide policy regarding patentable subject matter or the scope of claims allowable in medical product patents. Consequently, patents may not issue from our pending patent applications. As such, we do not know the degree of future protection that we will have on our proprietary products and technology.
We have obtained a patent with respect to our technology both domestically and internationally and anticipate potentially filing multiple patent applications, in the future.  While we believe that we will be able to secure adequate and enforceable patent protection for our products and technologies, there is no guarantee that patent protection can be obtained, and even if it is obtained that such patent protection will ultimately be deemed valid, sufficiently enforceable, sufficient to preclude competition or not infringe upon the rights of other parties.
Our commercial success may depend in part on our ability to obtain additional patents and protect our existing patent position as well as our ability to maintain adequate protection of other intellectual property for our technologies, products, and any future products in the United States and other countries. If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property, competitors may be able to use our technologies and erode or negate any market exclusivity related competitive advantage we may have, which could harm our business and ability to achieve profitability. The laws of some foreign countries do not protect our proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States, and we may encounter significant problems in protecting our proprietary rights in these countries.
Issued patents covering one or more of our products could be found invalid or unenforceable if challenged in court.
If we were to initiate legal proceedings against a third party to enforce a patent covering one of our products, the defendant could counterclaim that our patent is invalid and/or unenforceable. In patent litigation in the United States, defendant counterclaims alleging invalidity and/or unenforceability are commonplace. Grounds for a validity challenge could be an alleged failure to meet any of several statutory requirements, for example, lack of novelty, obviousness or non-enablement. Grounds for an unenforceability assertion could be an allegation that someone connected with prosecution of the patent withheld relevant information from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, or made a misleading statement, during prosecution. The outcome following legal assertions of invalidity and unenforceability during patent litigation is unpredictable. With respect to the validity question, for example, we cannot be certain that there is no invalidating prior art, of which we and the patent examiner were unaware during prosecution. If a defendant were to prevail on a legal assertion of invalidity and/or unenforceability, we would lose at least part, and perhaps all, of the patent protection on one or more of our products. Such a loss of patent protection could have a material adverse impact on our business.
Claims that our products or the sale or use of our products infringe the patent rights of third parties could result in costly litigation or could require substantial time and money to resolve, even if litigation is avoided.
We cannot guarantee that our products or, the use of our products does not infringe any third party patents. Third parties might allege that we are infringing their patent rights or that we have misappropriated their trade secrets. Such third parties might resort to litigation against us. The basis of such litigation could be existing patents or patents that issue in the future. Our failure to successfully defend against any claims that our products infringe the rights of third parties could also adversely affect our business.
It is also possible that we failed to identify relevant patents or applications. For example, applications filed before November 29, 2000 and certain applications filed after that date that will not be filed outside the United States remain confidential until patents issue. Patent applications in the United States and elsewhere are published approximately 18 months after the earliest filing for which priority is claimed, with such earliest filing date being commonly referred to as the priority date. Therefore, patent applications covering our products could have been filed by others without our knowledge.
Additionally, pending patent applications which have been published can, subject to certain limitations, be later amended in a manner that could cover our products or the use of our products.
In order to avoid or settle potential claims with respect to any patent rights of third parties, we may choose or be required to seek a license from a third party and be required to pay license fees or royalties or both. These licenses may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Even if we or any future strategic partners were able to obtain a license, the rights may be nonexclusive, which could result in our competitors gaining access to the same intellectual property. Ultimately, we could be prevented from commercializing one or more of our products, or be forced to cease some aspect of our business operations, if, as a result of actual or threatened patent infringement claims, we are unable to enter into licenses on acceptable terms. This could harm our business significantly.
Defending against claims of patent infringement or misappropriation of trade secrets could be costly and time consuming, regardless of the outcome. Thus, even if we were to ultimately prevail, or to settle at an early stage, such litigation could burden us with substantial unanticipated costs. In addition, litigation or threatened litigation could result in significant demands on the time and attention of our management team, distracting them from the pursuit of other Company business.
Unfavorable outcomes in intellectual property litigation could limit our research and development activities and/or our ability to commercialize certain products.
If third parties successfully assert intellectual property rights against us, we might be barred from using certain aspects of our product technology, or we may be barred from developing and commercializing certain products. Prohibitions against using certain technologies, or prohibitions against commercializing certain products, could be imposed by a court or by a settlement agreement between us and a plaintiff. In addition, if we are unsuccessful in defending against allegations of patent infringement or misappropriation of trade secrets, we may be forced to pay substantial damage awards to the plaintiff. There is inevitable uncertainty in any litigation, including intellectual property litigation. There can be no assurance that we would prevail in any intellectual property litigation, even if the case against us is weak or flawed. If litigation leads to an outcome unfavorable to us, we may be required to obtain a license from the patent owner, in order to continue our research and development programs or to market our product(s). It is possible that the necessary license will not be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, or at all. This could limit our research and development activities, our ability to commercialize certain products, or both.
Most of our competitors are larger than we are and have substantially greater resources. They are, therefore, likely to be able to sustain the costs of complex patent litigation longer than we could. In addition, the uncertainties associated with litigation could have a material adverse effect on our ability to raise the funds necessary to continue our operations, or enter into strategic partnerships that would help us bring our products to market.
In addition, any future patent litigation, interference or other administrative proceedings will result in additional expense and distraction of our personnel. An adverse outcome in such litigation or proceedings may expose us or any future strategic partners to loss of our proprietary position, expose us to significant liabilities, or require us to seek licenses that may not be available on commercially acceptable terms, if at all.
Confidentiality agreements with employees and third parties may not prevent unauthorized disclosure of trade secrets and other proprietary information.
In addition to patents, we rely on trade secrets, technical know-how, and proprietary information concerning our business strategy in order to protect our competitive position. In the course of our research and development activities and our business activities, we often rely on confidentiality agreements to protect our proprietary information. Such confidentiality agreements are used, for example, when we talk to manufacturers or clinical development services or potential strategic partners. In addition, each of our employees is required to sign a confidentiality agreement upon joining us. We take steps to protect our proprietary information, and our confidentiality agreements are carefully drafted to protect our proprietary interests. Nevertheless, there can be no guarantee that an employee or an outside party will not make an unauthorized disclosure of our proprietary confidential information. This might happen intentionally or inadvertently. It is possible that a competitor will make use of such information, and that our competitive position will be compromised, in spite of any legal action we might take against persons making such unauthorized disclosures.
Trade secrets are difficult to protect. Although we use reasonable efforts to protect our trade secrets, our employees, consultants, contractors, or outside scientific collaborators might intentionally or inadvertently disclose our trade secret information to competitors. Enforcing a claim that a third party illegally obtained and is using any of our trade secrets is expensive and time consuming, and the outcome is unpredictable. In addition, courts outside the United States sometimes are less willing than U.S. courts to protect trade secrets. Moreover, our competitors may independently develop equivalent knowledge, methods and know-how.
Our research and development strategic partners may have rights to publish data and other information to which we have rights. In addition, we may engage individuals or entities to conduct research relevant to our business. The ability of these individuals or entities to publish or otherwise publicly disclose data and other information generated during the course of their research is subject to certain contractual limitations. These contractual provisions may be insufficient or inadequate to protect our confidential information. If we do not apply for patent protection prior to such publication, or if we cannot otherwise maintain the confidentiality of our proprietary technology and other confidential information, then our ability to obtain patent protection or to protect our trade secret information may be jeopardized.
Intellectual property rights do not necessarily address all potential threats to our competitive advantage.
The degree of future protection afforded by our intellectual property rights is uncertain because intellectual property rights have limitations, and may not adequately protect our business, or permit us to maintain our competitive advantage. The following examples are illustrative:
others may be able to make products that are the same as or similar to our products but that are not covered by the claims of the patents that we own or have exclusively licensed;
we or any future strategic partners might not have been the first to make the inventions covered by the issued patent or pending patent application that we own;
we or any future strategic partners might not have been the first to file patent applications covering certain of our inventions;
others may independently develop similar or alternative technologies or duplicate any of our technologies without infringing our intellectual property rights;
issued patents that we own may not provide us with any competitive advantages, or may be held invalid or unenforceable, as a result of legal challenges by our competitors;
our competitors might conduct research and development activities in countries where we do not have patent rights and then use the information learned from such activities to develop competitive products for sale in our major commercial markets;
we may not develop additional proprietary technologies that are patentable; and
the patents of others may have an adverse effect on our business.
Changes in U.S. patent law could diminish the value of patents in general, thereby impairing our ability to protect our products.
As is the case with other medical products companies, our success is heavily dependent on intellectual property, particularly patents. Obtaining and enforcing patents in the medical products industry involve both technological complexity and legal complexity. Therefore, obtaining and enforcing medical industry patents is costly, time-consuming and inherently uncertain. In addition, Congress may pass patent reform legislation. The Supreme Court has ruled on several patent cases in recent years, either narrowing the scope of patent protection available in certain circumstances or weakening the rights of patent owners in certain situations. In addition to increasing uncertainty with regard to our ability to obtain patents in the future, this combination of events has created uncertainty with respect to the value of patents, once obtained. Depending on decisions by the U.S. Congress, the federal courts, and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the laws and regulations governing patents could change in unpredictable ways that would weaken our ability to obtain new patents or to enforce our existing patents and patents that we might obtain in the future.
Obtaining and maintaining our patent protection depends on compliance with various procedural, document submission, fee payment and other requirements imposed by governmental patent agencies, and our patent protection could be reduced or eliminated for non-compliance with these requirements.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and various foreign governmental patent agencies require compliance with a number of procedural, documentary, fee payment and other provisions during the patent process. There are situations in which noncompliance can result in abandonment or lapse of a patent or patent application, resulting in partial or complete loss of patent rights in the relevant jurisdiction. In such an event, competitors might be able to enter the market earlier than would otherwise have been the case.
Internationally, we may apply for patent protection relating to certain existing and proposed products and processes. While we will generally apply for patents in those countries where we intend to make, use or sell patented products, we may not accurately predict all of the countries where patent protection will ultimately be desirable. If we fail to timely file a patent application in any such country, we may be precluded from doing so at a later date. Furthermore, we cannot assure you that any of our patent applications (domestic or international) will be approved. The rights granted to us under our patents, including prospective rights sought in our pending patent applications, may not be meaningful or provide us with any commercial advantage and they could be opposed, contested or circumvented by our competitors or be declared invalid or unenforceable in judicial or administrative proceedings. The failure of our patents to adequately protect our technology might make it easier for our competitors to offer the same or similar products or technologies. Competitors may be able to design around our patents or develop products that provide outcomes which are comparable to ours without infringing on our international intellectual property rights.  In the event of unauthorized use or disclosure or other breaches of such agreements, we may not be provided with meaningful protection for our trade secrets or other proprietary information. Due to differences between foreign and U.S. patent laws, our patented intellectual property rights may not receive the same degree of protection in foreign countries as they would in the United States. Even if patents are granted outside the United States, effective enforcement in those countries may not be available.  In countries where we do not have significant patent protection, we may not be able to stop a competitor from marketing products in such countries that are the same as or similar to our products. Moreover, we may not have sufficient resources or desire to defend our patents or trademarks against challenges or to enforce our intellectual property rights, especially if those rights are international in scope and venue.
Securities market risks
Our stock price and trading volume may be volatile, which could result in losses for our stockholders.
The equity markets may experience periods of volatility, which could result in highly variable and unpredictable pricing of equity securities. The market price of our Common stock could change in ways that may or may not be related to our business, our industry or our operating performance and financial condition and could negatively affect our share price or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our Common stock.  We cannot predict the potential impact of these periods of volatility on the price of our Common stock. The Company cannot assure you that the market price of our Common stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future.
Our inability to comply with Nasdaq’s listing requirements could result in our common stock being delisted, which could affect its market price and liquidity and reduce our ability to raise capital.
We are required to meet certain qualitative and financial tests (including having stockholders’ equity of at least $2.5 million to maintain the listing of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market as set forth in NASDAQ listing rule 5550(b)(1) the (“Stockholders’ Equity Requirement” or “Rule 5550(b)(1)”). If we do not maintain compliance with the continued listing requirements for NASDAQ within specified periods and subject to permitted extensions, our common stock may be recommended for delisting (subject to any appeal we would file). If our common stock were delisted, it could be more difficult to buy or sell our common stock and to obtain accurate quotations, and the price of our stock could suffer a material decline. Delisting would also impair our ability to raise capital.
On August 30, 2016, we received a letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of the NASDAQ Stock Market notifying the us that we were not in compliance with the Stockholders’ Equity Requirement; specifically, the stockholders’ equity of $1,311,796 as reported in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2016 was below the minimum stockholder’s equity of $2,500,500 required for continued listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market in accordance with Rule 5550(b)(1). The decline in our stockholders’ equity was largely a result of the recognition of an impairment loss recorded in our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2016 related to the intangible assets of Streamline Inc., which we acquired as our wholly owned subsidiary in March 2015.
On October 14, 2016, we submitted a plan to NASDAQ to regain compliance with the Stockholders’ Equity Requirement (the “Plan”) through a combination of note conversions, warrant exercises and infusions of equity capital.
On November 1, 2016, we received formal notice from NASDAQ informing us that that we have been granted an extension until February 27, 2017 to regain compliance with the Stockholders’ Equity Requirement for continued listing of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market.
On February 24, 2017, we filed a Form 8K with the Securities and Exchange Commission summarizing the actions taken to regain and affirmatively state its current compliance with NASDAQ's stockholder equity requirement.
On March 1, 2017, NASDAQ issued a determination letter stating that the company had successfully evidenced compliance with the minimum $2,500,000 stockholders' equity requirement for continued listing on the Capital Market.
NASDAQ will continue to monitor the Company’s ongoing compliance with the stockholders’ equity requirement and, if at the time of its next periodic report the Company does not evidence compliance, we may be subject to delisting.
While we are exercising diligent efforts to maintain the listing of our common stock on NASDAQ, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to maintain compliance with Rule 5550(b)(1).
If our Common stock is delisted from NASDAQ the Company would be subject to the risks relating to penny stocks.
If our Common stock were to be delisted from trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market and the trading price of the Common stock were below $5.00 per share on the date the Common stock were delisted, trading in our Common stock would also be subject to the requirements of certain rules promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These rules require additional disclosure by broker-dealers in connection with any trades involving a stock defined as a "penny stock" and impose various sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell penny stocks to persons other than established customers and accredited investors, generally institutions. These additional requirements may discourage broker-dealers from effecting transactions in securities that are classified as penny stocks, which could severely limit the market price and liquidity of such securities and the ability of purchasers to sell such securities in the secondary market. A penny stock is defined generally as any non-exchange listed equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions.
If we need additional capital to fund the growth of our operations, and cannot obtain sufficient capital, we may be forced to limit the scope of our operations.
As we implement our growth strategies, we may experience increased capital needs. We may not, however, have sufficient capital to fund our future operations without additional capital investments. If adequate additional financing is not available on reasonable terms or at all, we may not be able to carry out our corporate strategy and we would be forced to modify our business plans (e.g., limit our expansion, limit our marketing efforts and/or decrease or eliminate capital expenditures), any of which may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flow. Such reduction could materially adversely affect our business and our ability to compete.
Our capital needs will depend on numerous factors, including, without limitation, (i) our profitability or lack thereof, (ii) our ability to respond to a release of competitive products by our competitors, and (iii) the amount of our capital expenditures, including acquisitions. Moreover, the costs involved may exceed those originally contemplated. Cost savings and other economic benefits expected may not materialize as a result of any cost overruns or changes in market circumstances. Failure to obtain intended economic benefits could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating performances.
We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future and our stock may not appreciate in value.
We have not declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock to date. We currently intend to retain our future earnings, if any, to fund the development and growth of our business. In addition, the terms of any existing or future debt agreements may preclude us from paying dividends. There is no guarantee that shares of our Common stock will appreciate in value or that the price at which our stockholders have purchased their shares will be able to be maintained.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about our business, or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research reports about our business, our share price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our Common stock will, to some extent, depend on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. If one or more of the analysts who cover us should downgrade our shares or change their opinion of our business prospects, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our company or fails to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price and volume to decline.
You may experience dilution of your ownership interests because of the future issuance of additional shares of our common or preferred stock or other securities that are convertible into or exercisable for our common or preferred stock.
In the future, we may issue our authorized but previously unissued equity securities, resulting in the dilution of the ownership interests of our present stockholders.  We are authorized to issue an aggregate of 49,500,000 shares of common stock and 500,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock (of which 45,000 shares have been designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, of which 17,993 shares are issued and outstanding). We may issue additional shares of our common stock or other securities that are convertible into or exercisable for our common stock in connection with hiring or retaining employees, future acquisitions, future sales of our securities for capital raising purposes, or for other business purposes.  The future issuance of any such additional shares of our common stock may create downward pressure on the trading price of the common stock. We will need to raise additional capital in the near future to meet our working capital needs, and there can be no assurance that we will not be required to issue additional shares, warrants or other convertible securities in the future in conjunction with these capital raising efforts, including at a price (or exercise or conversion prices) below the price an investor paid for stock.
You could lose all of your investment.
An investment in our securities is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. Potential investors should be aware that the value of an investment in the Company may go down as well as up. In addition, there can be no certainty that the market value of an investment in the Company will fully reflect its underlying value. You could lose your entire investment.
The ability of our Board of Directors to issue additional stock may prevent or make more difficult certain transactions, including a sale or merger of the Company.
Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 500,000 shares of preferred stock (of which 45,000 shares have been designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, of which 17,993 shares are issued and outstanding) with powers, rights and preferences designated by it.  See “Preferred Stock” in the section of this prospectus titled “Description of Securities.” Shares of voting or convertible preferred stock could be issued, or rights to purchase such shares could be issued, to create voting impediments or to frustrate persons seeking to effect a takeover or otherwise gain control of the Company.  The ability of the Board of Directors to issue such additional shares of preferred stock, with rights and preferences it deems advisable, could discourage an attempt by a party to acquire control of the Company by tender offer or other means.  Such issuances could therefore deprive stockholders of benefits that could result from such an attempt, such as the realization of a premium over the market price for their shares in a tender offer or the temporary increase in market price that such an attempt could cause.  Moreover, the issuance of such additional shares of preferred stock to persons friendly to the Board of Directors could make it more difficult to remove incumbent officers and directors from office even if such change were to be favorable to stockholders generally.
Our issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants or other convertible securities, including the conversion of our Series A Preferred Stock, may cause the price of our common stock to decline.
If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, including upon the expiration of any statutory holding period under Rule 144 or registration for resale, or issued upon the conversion of preferred stock or exercise of warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” and in anticipation of which the market price of our common stock could fall.  The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could make more difficult our ability to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.  As of April 10, 2017, we have 17,441,351 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and 17,993 shares of our Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding. Even though the holders of the warrants may not exercise the warrants if they would own more than 9.99% or 4.99%, as applicable, of the then-outstanding common stock, this restriction does not prevent these holders from selling some of their holdings and then exercising the warrants for additional shares.
Investor relations activities, nominal “float” and supply and demand factors may affect the price of our stock.
The Company may utilize various techniques such as non-deal road shows and investor relations campaigns in order to create investor awareness for the Company.  These campaigns may include personal, video and telephone conferences with investors and prospective investors in which our business practices are described.  The Company may provide compensation to investor relations firms and pay for newsletters, websites, mailings and email campaigns that are produced by third-parties based upon publicly-available information concerning the Company. The Company does not intend to review or approve the content of such analysts’ reports or other materials based upon analysts’ own research or methods.  Investor relations firms should generally disclose when they are compensated for their efforts, but whether such disclosure is made or complete is not under our control.   In addition, investors in the Company may, from time to time, also take steps to encourage investor awareness through similar activities that may be undertaken at the expense of the investors.  Investor awareness activities may also be suspended or discontinued which may impact the trading market our common stock.
The SEC and FINRA enforce various statutes and regulations intended to prevent manipulative or deceptive devices in connection with the purchase or sale of any security and carefully scrutinize trading patterns and company news and other communications for false or misleading information, particularly in cases where the hallmarks of “pump and dump” activities may exist, such as rapid share price increases or decreases.  We and our shareholders may be subjected to enhanced regulatory scrutiny due to the small number of holders who initially will own the registered shares of our common stock publicly available for resale. The Supreme Court has stated that manipulative action is a term of art connoting intentional or willful conduct designed to deceive or defraud investors by controlling or artificially affecting the price of securities.  Often times, manipulation is associated by regulators with forces that upset the supply and demand factors that would normally determine trading prices.  
This prospectus contains forward-looking statements. Such statements include statements regarding our expectations, hopes, beliefs or intentions regarding the future, including but not limited to statements regarding our market, strategy, competition, development plans (including acquisitions and expansion), financing, revenues, operations, and compliance with applicable laws. Forward-looking statements involve certain risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially from those discussed in any such statement. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements include the risks described in greater detail in the following paragraphs. All forward-looking statements in this document are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statement. Market data used throughout this prospectus is based on published third party reports or the good faith estimates of management, which estimates are based upon their review of internal surveys, independent industry publications and other publicly available information.
You should review carefully the section entitled “Risk Factors” within this prospectus for a discussion of these and other risks that relate to our business and investing in shares of our common stock.
All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this prospectus. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise these statements unless required by law, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements we make in this prospectus are reasonable, we can give no assurance that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. We disclose important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our expectations under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this prospectus. These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf.
Unless otherwise indicated in a prospectus supplement, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities under this prospectus for working capital to support research and development, including clinical trials, marketing, and general corporate purposes.
We are authorized to issue 49,500,000 shares of common stock, par value of $0.001 per share.
Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders and do not have cumulative voting rights. An election of directors by our stockholders shall be determined by a plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote on the election. Holders of common stock are entitled to receive proportionately any dividends as may be declared by our board of directors, subject to any preferential dividend rights of outstanding preferred stock.
In the event of our liquidation or dissolution, the holders of common stock are entitled to receive proportionately all assets available for distribution to stockholders after the payment of all debts and other liabilities and subject to the prior rights of any outstanding preferred stock. Holders of common stock have no preemptive, subscription, redemption or conversion rights. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of common stock are subject to and may be adversely affected by the rights of the holders of shares of any series of preferred stock that we may designate and issue in the future.

Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Interwest Transfer Company, Inc.
Our common stock is currently traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “MDVX” and our Series A Warrants trade under the symbol “MDVXW”.
The Company’s articles of incorporation authorize the issuance of 500,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, in one or more series, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further vote or action by the stockholders. Each such series of preferred stock shall have such number of shares, designations, preferences, voting powers, qualifications, and special or relative rights, preferences, privileges or restrictions as shall be determined by our board of directors, which may include, among others, voting rights, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, conversion rights and redemption privileges. 
Preferred stock is available for possible future financings or acquisitions and for general corporate purposes without further authorization of stockholders unless such authorization is required by applicable law, the rules of the NASDAQ Capital Market or other securities exchange or market on which our stock is then listed or admitted to trading.
Our board of directors may authorize the issuance of preferred stock with voting or conversion rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of common stock. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing flexibility in connection with possible acquisitions and other corporate purposes could, under some circumstances, have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of the Company.
A prospectus supplement relating to any series of preferred stock being offered will include specific terms relating to the offering. Such prospectus supplement will include:
the title and stated or par value of the preferred stock;
the number of shares of the preferred stock offered, the liquidation preference per share and the offering price of the preferred stock;
the dividend rate(s), period(s) and/or payment date(s) or method(s) of calculation thereof applicable to the preferred stock;
whether dividends shall be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends on the preferred stock shall accumulate;
the provisions for a sinking fund, if any, for the preferred stock;
any voting rights of the preferred stock;
the provisions for redemption, if applicable, of the preferred stock;
any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange;
the terms and conditions, if applicable, upon which the preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock, including the conversion price or the manner of calculating the conversion price and conversion period;
if appropriate, a discussion of Federal income tax consequences applicable to the preferred stock;
and any other specific terms, preferences, rights, limitations or restrictions of the preferred stock.

The terms, if any, on which the preferred stock may be convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock will also be stated in the preferred stock prospectus supplement. The terms will include provisions as to whether conversion or exchange is mandatory, at the option of the holder or at our option, and may include provisions pursuant to which the number of shares of our common stock to be received by the holders of preferred stock would be subject to adjustment.
Series A Preferred Stock
On February 8, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Designation (the “Certificate of Designation”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to designate the preferences, rights and limitations of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation, the Company designated 45,000 shares of its preferred stock as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The Series A Preferred Stock has a Stated Value of $0.001 per share. The Series A Preferred Stock is convertible at the option of the holder into 100 shares of the Company’s Common Stock for every share of Series A Preferred Stock. Upon any liquidation of the Company, the holder of the Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, for each share thereof, out of the assets of the Company legally available thereof, a preferential amount in cash equal to (and not more than) the Stated Value. All preferential amounts to be paid to the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock in connection with any such liquidation event shall be paid prior to any payments made to the holders of common stock.
As of April 10, 2017, we have 17,993 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding.

  We may issue warrants for the purchase of preferred stock or common stock. Warrants may be issued independently or together with any preferred stock or common stock, and may be attached to or separate from any offered securities. Each series of warrants will be issued under a separate warrant agreement to be entered into between a warrant agent specified in the agreement and us. The warrant agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the warrants of that series and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders or beneficial owners of warrants. This summary of some provisions of the securities warrants is not complete. You should refer to the securities warrant agreement, including the forms of securities warrant certificate representing the securities warrants, relating to the specific securities warrants being offered for the complete terms of the securities warrant agreement and the securities warrants. The securities warrant agreement, together with the terms of the securities warrant certificate and securities warrants, will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the offering of the specific warrants.
The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the following terms, where applicable, of the warrants in respect of which this prospectus is being delivered:
the title of the warrants;
the aggregate number of the warrants;
the price or prices at which the warrants will be issued;
the designation, amount and terms of the offered securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants;
if applicable, the date on and after which the warrants and the offered securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants will be separately transferable;
the terms of the securities purchasable upon exercise of such warrants and the procedures and conditions relating to the exercise of such warrants;
any provisions for adjustment of the number or amount of securities receivable upon exercise of the warrants or the exercise price of the warrants;
the price or prices at which and currency or currencies in which the offered securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants may be purchased;
the date on which the right to exercise the warrants shall commence and the date on which the right shall expire;
the minimum or maximum amount of the warrants that may be exercised at any one time;
information with respect to book-entry procedures, if any;
if appropriate, a discussion of Federal income tax consequences; and
any other material terms of the warrants, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to the exchange and exercise of the warrants.
Warrants for the purchase of common stock or preferred stock will be offered and exercisable for U.S. dollars only. Warrants will be issued in registered form only.
Upon receipt of payment and the warrant certificate properly completed and duly executed at the corporate trust office of the warrant agent or any other office indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will, as soon as practicable, forward the purchased securities. If less than all of the warrants represented by the warrant certificate are exercised, a new warrant certificate will be issued for the remaining warrants.
Prior to the exercise of any securities warrants to purchase preferred stock or common stock, holders of the warrants will not have any of the rights of holders of the common stock or preferred stock purchasable upon exercise, including in the case of securities warrants for the purchase of common stock or preferred stock, the right to vote or to receive any payments of dividends on the preferred stock or common stock purchasable upon exercise.
As specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, we may issue units consisting of shares of common stock, shares of preferred stock or warrants or any combination of such securities.
The applicable prospectus supplement will specify the following terms of any units in respect of which this prospectus is being delivered:
the terms of the units and of any of the common stock, preferred stock and warrants comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances the securities comprising the units may be traded separately;
a description of the terms of any unit agreement governing the units; and
a description of the provisions for the payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units.
Table of Contents 
We may sell the securities offered through this prospectus (i) to or through underwriters or dealers, (ii) directly to purchasers, including our affiliates, (iii) through agents, or (iv) through a combination of any these methods. The securities may be distributed at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, market prices prevailing at the time of sale, prices related to the prevailing market prices, or negotiated prices. The prospectus supplement will include the following information:
the terms of the offering;
the names of any underwriters or agents;
the name or names of any managing underwriter or underwriters;
the purchase price of the securities;
any over-allotment options under which underwriters may purchase additional securities from us;
the net proceeds from the sale of the securities;
any delayed delivery arrangements;
any underwriting discounts, commissions and other items constituting underwriters’ compensation;
any initial public offering price;
any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers;
any commissions paid to agents; and
any securities exchange or market on which the securities may be listed.
Sale Through Underwriters or Dealers
Only underwriters named in the prospectus supplement are underwriters of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement.
If underwriters are used in the sale, the underwriters will acquire the securities for their own account, including through underwriting, purchase, security lending or repurchase agreements with us. The underwriters may resell the securities from time to time in one or more transactions, including negotiated transactions. Underwriters may sell the securities in order to facilitate transactions in any of our other securities (described in this prospectus or otherwise), including other public or private transactions and short sales. Underwriters may offer securities to the public either through underwriting syndicates represented by one or more managing underwriters or directly by one or more firms acting as underwriters. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus supplement, the obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to certain conditions, and the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all the offered securities if they purchase any of them. The underwriters may change from time to time any initial public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers.
If dealers are used in the sale of securities offered through this prospectus, we will sell the securities to them as principals. They may then resell those securities to the public at varying prices determined by the dealers at the time of resale. The prospectus supplement will include the names of the dealers and the terms of the transaction.
Direct Sales and Sales Through Agents
We may sell the securities offered through this prospectus directly. In this case, no underwriters or agents would be involved. Such securities may also be sold through agents designated from time to time. The prospectus supplement will name any agent involved in the offer or sale of the offered securities and will describe any commissions payable to the agent. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus supplement, any agent will agree to use its reasonable best efforts to solicit purchases for the period of its appointment.
We may sell the securities directly to institutional investors or others who may be deemed to be underwriters within the meaning of the Securities Act with respect to any sale of those securities. The terms of any such sales will be described in the prospectus supplement.
Delayed Delivery Contracts
If the prospectus supplement indicates, we may authorize agents, underwriters or dealers to solicit offers from certain types of institutions to purchase securities at the public offering price under delayed delivery contracts. These contracts would provide for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. The contracts would be subject only to those conditions described in the prospectus supplement. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the commission payable for solicitation of those contracts.
Continuous Offering Program
Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, we may enter into a continuous offering program equity distribution agreement with a broker-dealer, under which we may offer and sell shares of our common stock from time to time through a broker-dealer as our sales agent. If we enter into such a program, sales of the shares of common stock, if any, will be made by means of ordinary brokers’ transactions on the NASDAQ Capital Market at market prices, block transactions and such other transactions as agreed upon by us and the broker-dealer. Under the terms of such a program, we also may sell shares of common stock to the broker-dealer, as principal for its own account at a price agreed upon at the time of sale. If we sell shares of common stock to such broker-dealer as principal, we will enter into a separate terms agreement with such broker-dealer, and we will describe this agreement in a separate prospectus supplement or pricing supplement.
Market Making, Stabilization and Other Transactions
Unless the applicable prospectus supplement states otherwise, other than our common stock all securities we offer under this prospectus will be a new issue and will have no established trading market. We may elect to list offered securities on an exchange or in the over-the-counter market. Any underwriters that we use in the sale of offered securities may make a market in such securities, but may discontinue such market making at any time without notice. Therefore, we cannot assure you that the securities will have a liquid trading market.
Any underwriter may also engage in stabilizing transactions, syndicate covering transactions and penalty bids in accordance with Rule 104 under the Securities Exchange Act. Stabilizing transactions involve bids to purchase the underlying security in the open market for the purpose of pegging, fixing or maintaining the price of the securities. Syndicate covering transactions involve purchases of the securities in the open market after the distribution has been completed in order to cover syndicate short positions.
Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from a syndicate member when the securities originally sold by the syndicate member are purchased in a syndicate covering transaction to cover syndicate short positions. Stabilizing transactions, syndicate covering transactions and penalty bids may cause the price of the securities to be higher than it would be in the absence of the transactions. The underwriters may, if they commence these transactions, discontinue them at any time.
General Information
Agents, underwriters, and dealers may be entitled, under agreements entered into with us, to indemnification by us against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act. Our agents, underwriters, and dealers, or their affiliates, may be customers of, engage in transactions with or perform services for us, in the ordinary course of business.
The validity of the issuance of the securities offered by this prospectus will be passed upon for us by Sichenzia Ross Ference Kesner LLP, New York, New York.
The consolidated financial statements of MedoveX Corporation as of and for the years ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 appearing in MedoveX Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, have been audited by Frazier & Deeter, LLC, as set forth in its report thereon, included therein, and incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements are incorporated herein by reference in reliance upon such report given on the authority of such firm as experts in accounting and auditing.
We file annual, quarterly and special reports, along with other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s website at You may also read and copy any document we file at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the Public Reference Room.
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the SEC to register the securities offered hereby under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. This prospectus does not contain all of the information included in the registration statement, including certain exhibits and schedules. You may obtain the registration statement and exhibits to the registration statement from the SEC at the address listed above or from the SEC’s internet site.
This prospectus is part of a registration statement filed with the SEC. The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the information that we file with them, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. The following documents are incorporated by reference and made a part of this prospectus:
our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 filed with the SEC on March 31, 2017;
the description of our common stock, Series A Warrants to purchase Common Stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed with the SEC on June 17, 2016 (File No. 333-212113), including any amendment or report filed for the purpose of updating such description; and
all reports and other documents subsequently filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination of this offering.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, information furnished under Items 2.02 and 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K, including the related exhibits, is not incorporated by reference in this prospectus.
The information about us contained in this prospectus should be read together with the information in the documents incorporated by reference. You may request a copy of any or all of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at: Jeffrey Wright, Chief Financial Officer, MedoveX Corporation, 1950 Airport Road, Suite A, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, telephone number 844-633-6839.


Common Stock
Preferred Stock

MAY 9, 2017